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2 edition of Small angle neutron scattering studies of hydrogen (deuterium) trapping on dislocations in metals. found in the catalog.

Small angle neutron scattering studies of hydrogen (deuterium) trapping on dislocations in metals.

Konstantinos Leonidas Stefanopoulos

Small angle neutron scattering studies of hydrogen (deuterium) trapping on dislocations in metals.

by Konstantinos Leonidas Stefanopoulos

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  • 32 Currently reading

Published by University of Salford in Salford .
Written in English


Edition Notes

PhD thesis, Physics.

ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21515619M

Neutron radiation is a form of ionizing radiation that presents as free l phenomena are nuclear fission or nuclear fusion causing the release of free neutrons, which then react with nuclei of other atoms to form new isotopes—which, in turn, may trigger further neutron radiation. Free neutrons are unstable, decaying into a proton, an electron, plus an anti-electron-neutrino. In this book, following the presentation of the basics of scattering from macromolecular solutions, modern instrumentation, experimental practice and advanced analysis techniques are explained. Advantages of X-rays (rapid data collection, small sample volumes) and of neutrons (contrast variation by hydrogen/deuterium exchange) are specifically.

The physical properties of polymers depend on a range of both structural and chemical parameters, and in particular, on molecular topology. Apparently simple changes such as joining chains at a point to form stars or simply joining the two ends to form a ring can profoundly alter molecular conformation and dynamics, and hence properties. Cyclic polymers, as they do not have free ends.   Neutron, x-ray, and light scattering experiments. Small-angle neutron scattering measurements were carried out by using a SANS spectrometer installed at C beam port at the research reactor JRR-3M of the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), Tokai, Japan. The neutron wavelength used was Å.

Instead, low-resolution techniques such as small angle x-ray and neutron scattering (SAXS/SANS) could emerge as a golden standard [30, 31]. Studies of MPs within lipid environments have advanced. Small-angle scattering of x-rays. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Chapter 4. ASIN BE66B6. ^ a b Jacrot, B (). "The study of biological structures by neutron scattering from solution". Reports on Progress in Physics 39 (10): ^ Perkins, SJ (). "Structural studies of proteins by high-flux X-ray and neutron solution scattering".


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Small angle neutron scattering studies of hydrogen (deuterium) trapping on dislocations in metals by Konstantinos Leonidas Stefanopoulos Download PDF EPUB FB2

Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) probes structural details at the nanometer scale in a non-destructive way. This article gives an introduction to scientists who have no prior small-angle scattering knowledge, but who seek a technique that allows elucidating structural information in challenging situations that thwart approaches by other methods.

Small-angle neutron scattering study on the effect of hydrogen in irradiated reactor pressure vessel steels Author links open overlay panel A. Ulbricht a J. Böhmert a M. Uhlemann b G. Müller a Show moreCited by: 9.

Small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) is an experimental technique that uses elastic neutron scattering at small scattering angles to investigate the structure of various substances at a mesoscopic scale of about 1– nm. Small angle neutron scattering is in many respects very similar to small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS); both techniques are jointly referred to as small-angle scattering.

A small angle neutron scattering (SANS) study of hydrogen in hydrogenated amorphous silicon Author links open overlay panel Carlo A. Guy a Adrian C. Wright a * Roger N. Sinclair a Roger J. Stewart a Frank Jansen bCited by: 8.

This book examines the meso- and nanoscopic aspects of fluid adsorption in porous solids using a non-invasive method of small angle neutron scattering (SANS) and small angle x-ray scattering (SAXS). S ion adsorption in supercapacitors, hydrogen storage, etc.). Neutron scattering, the irregular dispersal of free neutrons by matter, can refer to either the naturally occurring physical process itself or to the man-made experimental techniques that use the natural process for investigating materials.

The natural/physical phenomenon is of elemental importance in nuclear engineering and the nuclear sciences. Regarding the experimental technique. Small-angle scattering of X-rays or neutrons is one such complementary technique that provides information on the size and shape of scattering particles in solution.

This low-resolution structural information can be a powerful complement to high-resolution structural data, especially for the study of bio-molecular interactions with ligands or.

The various techniques (neutron scattering, nuclear magnetic resonance, ion-beams, positron annihilation spectroscopy) are explained in detail, and a variety of examples of recent research projects are given to show the unique advantage of these techniques to study hydrogen in materials.

Small-angle scattering has long proven capability to extract very detailed unparalleled structural information on the self-assembly of amphiphilic molecules into micelles, membranes, etc. With the advent of ever more powerful neutron/synchrotron sources and better instrumentation, the acquisition time necessary for good structural characterizations is now decreasing towards the second and even.

Introduction. Neutron imaging and scattering provide a unique probe for a wide variety of materials, motivating the construction of a growing number of neutron-imaging and -scattering user facilities (Chen & Wang, ; Garoby, ). Cold neutrons have wavelengths similar to X-rays, but whereas X-rays interact strongly with high-Z atoms, neutrons tend to scatter off of materials with a.

Methods of X-Ray and Neutron Scattering in Polymer Science By R.-J. Roe, Oxford University Press (). Small-Angle Scattering of X-Rays, A. Guinier and G. Fournet, John Wiley & Sons (). Polymers and Neutron Scattering, J.S. Higgins and H.C. Benoit, Clarendon Press-Oxford ().

Small Angle X-Ray Scattering, O. Glatter and O. We examine the potential of small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) as a quantitative tool for studying nanostructure and length scales in natural freshwater aquatic colloidal dispersions (river water, river bed sediments, agricultural field drainage and slurry).

Our results show that natural aquatic colloids are generally fractal with 3D network-type structures. Small-angle scattering of X-rays (SAXS) and neutrons (SANS) is an established method for the structural characterization of biological objects in a broad size range from individual macromolecules (proteins, nucleic acids, lipids) to large macromolecular complexes.

Small-angle scattering (SAS) of x-rays and neutrons is a fundamental tool in the study of biological macromolecules. The major advantage of the method lies in its ability to provide structural information about partially or completely disordered systems.

SAS allows one. A deep eutectic solvent (DES) entrapped in a bacterial cellulose (BC) network gives rise to a gelatin-like, self-supported material termed a bacterial cellulose eutectogel (BCEG).

Although this novel material holds potential for numerous industrial, environmental, energy or medical applications, little is known about the structural or dynamical behavior within a eutectogel.

In this work, we. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the main nuclear characterization techniques used to study hydrogen absorption and desorption in materials. The various techniques (neutron scattering, nuclear magnetic resonance, ion-beams, positron annihilation spectroscopy) are explained in detail.

Guinier, A., Fournet, G. Small-Angle Scattering of X -rays. John Wiley & Sons, New York. The classical work on SAS.

The book focuses on x -rays, but the theory and data interpretation also applies to SANS. • Roe, R. Methods of X-Ray and Neutron Scattering in Polymer Science.

Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford. Scattering experiments explore matter in reciprocal space and Q acts as a kind of inverse yardstick: large Q values relate to short distances while small Q relate to large objects. Aiming for the mesoscopic scale, Small-Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) is optimized for the observation of small scattering angles using long wavelength (cold.

Small angle scattering of X-rays (SAXS) and neutrons (SANS) is an established method for the structural characterisation of biological objects in a broad size-range from individual macromolecules (proteins, nucleic acids, lipids) to large macromolecular complexes.

The last decade has seen a renaissance in the study of low-resolution structure of native macromolecules in solution which. A method to quantitatively analyze the defects formed by the hydrogen evolution during electroplating was suggested based on the theoretical approach of the small angle neutron scattering technique.

Small angle neutron scattering (SANS) is a powerful non-destructive technique to study the inhomogeneities formed during the synthesis of materials such as ceramics, cements and alloys. The method is useful for studying large molecules such as polymers, biomolecules or magnetic domains which have applications in materials development.Schelten J, Schlecht P, Schmatz W, Mayer A.

Neutron small angle scattering of hemoglobin. J Biol Chem. Sep 10; (17)– Ray J, Englander SW. Allosteric sensitivity in hemoglobin at the alpha-subunit N-terminus studied by hydrogen exchange. Biochemistry. May 20; 25 (10)– Griffith WL, Triolo R, Compere AL.High-Angle Neutron Fiber Diffraction in the Study of Biological Systems.

Pages Forsyth, V. T. (et al.) Small Angle Neutron Scattering from Proteins, Nucleic Acids, and Viruses. Pages Krueger, S. (et al.) Preview. Structure and Kinetics of Proteins Observed by Small Angle Neutron Scattering Book Title Neutron Scattering.